Warning: Creating default object from empty value in /home/customer/www/eachpersoncounts.org/public_html/wp-content/themes/helpinghands/framework/admin/ReduxCore/inc/class.redux_filesystem.php on line 29
Research – Each Person Counts

Research

[vc_row centered=”yes” bg_type=”image” parallax_style=”vcpb-default” bg_image_new=”id^588|url^http://eachpersoncounts.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/research-optimised.jpg|caption^null|alt^null|title^research-optimised|description^null” bg_image_posiiton=”0px” sd_margin_bottom=”0px” sd_margin_top=”0px”][vc_column][ultimate_spacer height=”150″ height_on_mob=”50″][ultimate_spacer height=”150″ height_on_mob=”50″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row centered=”yes” border_color=”#f1f5fa” bg_type=”bg_color” sd_margin_top=”0″ sd_margin_bottom=”0″ padding_top=”60″ padding_right=”20″ padding_bottom=”60″ padding_left=”20″ bg_color_value=”#f1f5fa”][vc_column][vc_row_inner gap=”20″][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″][ultimate_spacer height=”60″ height_on_mob=”10″][ultimate_heading main_heading=”PREVALENCE” heading_tag=”h4″ main_heading_margin=”margin-bottom:15px;” sub_heading_style=”font-weight:bold;” sub_heading_font_size=”desktop:18px;” sub_heading_line_height=”desktop:24px;”][/ultimate_heading][ultimate_carousel slide_to_scroll=”single” slides_on_desk=”1″ slides_on_tabs=”1″ slides_on_mob=”1″ autoplay_speed=”6000″ arrows=”off” item_animation=”bounceInLeft” item_space=”0″][bsf-info-box icon=”Defaults-globe” icon_size=”100″ icon_color=”#81d742″ pos=”top”]BPD affects 2% of the general population [1][/bsf-info-box][bsf-info-box icon=”Defaults-h-square” icon_size=”100″ icon_color=”#1e73be” pos=”top”]15-20% of inpatients have BPD and 10% of psychiatric outpatients have BPD [1][/bsf-info-box][bsf-info-box icon=”Defaults-venus” icon_size=”100″ icon_color=”#8224e3″ pos=”top”]75% diagnosed with BPD are women [1][/bsf-info-box][/ultimate_carousel][ultimate_spacer height=”60″ height_on_mob=”10″][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″][ultimate_spacer height=”60″ height_on_mob=”10″][ultimate_heading main_heading=”QUOTES” heading_tag=”h4″ main_heading_margin=”margin-bottom:40px;”][/ultimate_heading][ultimate_carousel slide_to_scroll=”single” slides_on_desk=”1″ slides_on_tabs=”1″ slides_on_mob=”1″ autoplay_speed=”6000″ arrows=”off” item_animation=”bounceInLeft” item_space=”0″][vc_column_text]‘Borderline personality disorder is a hurtful label for real suffering – time we changed it’.

Professor Jayashri Kulkarni – Professor of Psychiatry at the Monash Alfred Psychiatry Research Centre, Melbourne Australia.[/vc_column_text][vc_column_text]‘Borderline Personality Disorder is unfairly discriminated against, and doesn’t get the attention that it deserves’.

Professor Andrew Chanen – Deputy Director, Research and Head, Personality Disorder Research at Orygen, Melbourne Australia.[/vc_column_text][vc_column_text]‘Borderline Personality Disorder is a treatable condition. It is a myth that BPD is untreatable’.

A/Professor Sathya Rao Executive Clinical Director at Spectrum, Personality Disorder Service for Victoria, Eastern Health, Melbourne Australia.[/vc_column_text][/ultimate_carousel][ultimate_spacer height=”60″ height_on_mob=”10″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row centered=”yes” padding_right=”20″ padding_left=”20″][vc_column][ultimate_spacer height=”60″ height_on_mob=”10″][ultimate_heading main_heading=”CHILDHOOD TRAUMA PREVALENCE IN BORDERLINE PERSONALITY DISORDER” heading_tag=”h4″ main_heading_margin=”margin-bottom:40px;”][/ultimate_heading][info_list icon_bg_color=”#f1f5fa” icon_color=”#4f4f4f” font_size_icon=”18″][info_list_item list_icon=”Defaults-chevron-right” desc_font_size=”desktop:16px;”]Herman, Perry & Van Der Kolk (1989) interviewed 21 people with BPD 81% gave histories of trauma, including physical abuse 71%, sexual abuse 68%, and witnessing serious domestic violence 62%.[2][/info_list_item][info_list_item list_icon=”Defaults-chevron-right” desc_font_size=”desktop:16px;”]Ogata (1990) interviewed 24 people with BPD and found 71% had experienced childhood sexual abuse and 42% had experienced physical childhood abuse.[3][/info_list_item][info_list_item list_icon=”Defaults-chevron-right” desc_font_size=”desktop:16px;”]A large scale study conducted by McFetridge (2015) found of 214 women admitted to hospital with BPD, 75% had previously reported a history of childhood sexual abuse.[4][/info_list_item][info_list_item list_icon=”Defaults-chevron-right” desc_font_size=”desktop:16px;”]In a study conducted by Paris (1997) of 135 people with BPD, 70% of females and 45% reported childhood sexual abuse.[5][/info_list_item][info_list_item list_icon=”Defaults-chevron-right” desc_font_size=”desktop:16px;”]Zanarini (1997) found of the 358 patients with borderline personality disorder studied, 91% reported having been abused, and 92% reported having been neglected.[6][/info_list_item][info_list_item list_icon=”Defaults-chevron-right” desc_font_size=”desktop:16px;”]Sack (2013) found in a study of 136 people with BPD that when including neglect and emotional violence as trauma categories, an extremely high prevalence of lifetime traumatic experiences was reported 96%. Experiences of sexual violence were reported by 48% for female and 28% of all male patients. Severe forms of physical violence were reported by 65% of all patients.[7][/info_list_item][info_list_item list_icon=”Defaults-chevron-right” desc_font_size=”desktop:16px;”]In a study of 33 people with BPD, Kingdon (2010) reported higher rates of childhood trauma, especially emotional abuse.[8][/info_list_item][info_list_item list_icon=”Defaults-chevron-right” desc_font_size=”desktop:16px;”]Graybar and Boutilier (2002) reviewed the empirical literature on BPD and various childhood traumas. They concluded that the reported rates of physical, sexual, and verbal abuse and neglect among people with BPD ranged from 60–80%.[9][/info_list_item][info_list_item list_icon=”Defaults-chevron-right” desc_font_size=”desktop:16px;”]Goodman and Yehuda (2002) reviewed a number of empirical studies and concluded that the frequency of the overall rate of childhood sexual abuse among BPD patients ranged from 40–70%.[10][/info_list_item][info_list_item list_icon=”Defaults-chevron-right” desc_font_size=”desktop:16px;”]In a large scale longitudinal study, Battle (2004) found 73% of people with BPD had experienced childhood abuse and 82% has experienced neglect.[11][/info_list_item][/info_list][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row centered=”yes” border_color=”#f1f5fa” bg_type=”bg_color” sd_margin_top=”20″ sd_margin_bottom=”0″ padding_top=”60″ padding_right=”20″ padding_bottom=”60″ padding_left=”20″ bg_color_value=”#f1f5fa”][vc_column][vc_row_inner gap=”20″][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″][ultimate_heading main_heading=”BPD AND PTSD COMORBIDITY:” heading_tag=”h4″ main_heading_margin=”margin-bottom:15px;” sub_heading_style=”font-weight:bold;” sub_heading_font_size=”desktop:18px;” sub_heading_line_height=”desktop:24px;”][/ultimate_heading][ultimate_heading heading_tag=”h4″ alignment=”left” main_heading_margin=”margin-bottom:15px;” sub_heading_line_height=”desktop:26px;”]

  • In a large scale data analysis by Pagura (2010) conducted on individuals with BPD, 30.2% were also diagnosed with PTSD.[12]
  • Out of 100 people diagnosed with BPD, Greyner (2009) found 52 met the criteria for PTSD.[13]
  • In a study conducted by Zanarini (2004), 58% of people diagnosed with BPD also met the criteria for PTSD.[14]
  • Famularo (1991) evaluated 19 children ages 7 to 14 who had recently been clinically diagnosed as having BPD. 78.9% of these children reported significant traumatic experiences, with 36.8% fitting criteria for PTSD.[15]
  • Sack (2013) found in a study of 136 people with BPD an overlap between BPD and PTSD at 79%.[16]

[/ultimate_heading][ultimate_spacer height=”20″ height_on_mob=”10″][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″][ultimate_heading main_heading=”EVIDENCED BASED TREATMENT FOR BPD: ” heading_tag=”h4″ main_heading_margin=”margin-bottom:15px;”][/ultimate_heading][ultimate_heading heading_tag=”h4″ alignment=”left” sub_heading_line_height=”desktop:26px;”]

  • Dialectical-Behavioral Therapy (DBT)
  • Mentalization-Based Therapy (MBT)
  • General Psychiatric Management(GMT)
  • Transference Focused Therapy (TFT)
  • Schema-Focused Therapy (SFT)
  • Cognitive Analytic Therapy (CAT)
  • Supportive Psychotherapy (SP)
  • Systems Training for Emotional Predictability and Problem Solving (STEPPS)
  • Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)
  • Acceptance and Commitment therapy (ACT)[17]

[/ultimate_heading][ultimate_spacer height=”20″ height_on_mob=”10″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row centered=”yes” border_color=”#f1f5fa” bg_type=”bg_color” sd_margin_top=”20″ sd_margin_bottom=”0″ padding_top=”60″ padding_right=”20″ padding_bottom=”60″ padding_left=”20″][vc_column][vc_row_inner gap=”20″][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″][ultimate_heading main_heading=”SELF HARM and SUICIDE IN BPD:” heading_tag=”h4″ main_heading_margin=”margin-bottom:15px;” sub_heading_style=”font-weight:bold;” sub_heading_font_size=”desktop:18px;” sub_heading_line_height=”desktop:24px;”][/ultimate_heading][ultimate_heading heading_tag=”h4″ alignment=”left” main_heading_margin=”margin-bottom:15px;” sub_heading_line_height=”desktop:26px;”]

  • Nock & Prinstein (2004) interviewed 89 people who self harmed and found the main reported reasons to be: to stop bad feelings, to punish themselves, to relieve feeling numb and empty and to feel something, even if it was pain.[18]
  • 75% of people with BPD attempt suicide and approximately 10% commit suicide.[19]
  • Self-injury (cutting, burning, bruising, head-banging, biting) is seen in 75% of people with BPD.[20]

[/ultimate_heading][ultimate_spacer height=”20″ height_on_mob=”10″][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″][ultimate_heading main_heading=”SUBSTANCE ADDICTIONS AND BPD: ” heading_tag=”h4″ main_heading_margin=”margin-bottom:15px;”][/ultimate_heading][ultimate_heading heading_tag=”h4″ alignment=”left” sub_heading_line_height=”desktop:26px;”]

  • Alcohol and drug use is common among among people with BPD, with between 21 – 81% reporting a co-occurring substance use disorder.[21]

[/ultimate_heading][ultimate_spacer height=”20″ height_on_mob=”10″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row centered=”yes” border_color=”#f1f5fa” bg_type=”bg_color” sd_margin_top=”20″ sd_margin_bottom=”0″ padding_top=”60″ padding_right=”20″ padding_bottom=”60″ padding_left=”20″ bg_color_value=”#f1f5fa”][vc_column][vc_row_inner gap=”20″][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″][ultimate_heading main_heading=”PHYSICAL DISORDERS ASSOCIATED WITH BPD:” heading_tag=”h4″ main_heading_margin=”margin-bottom:15px;” sub_heading_style=”font-weight:bold;” sub_heading_font_size=”desktop:18px;” sub_heading_line_height=”desktop:24px;”][/ultimate_heading][ultimate_heading heading_tag=”h4″ alignment=”left” main_heading_margin=”margin-bottom:15px;” sub_heading_line_height=”desktop:26px;”]

  • Driessen (2000) studied 21 female patients with BPD and a similar group of healthy controls. The people with BPD had nearly 16% smaller volumes of the hippocampus and 8% smaller volumes of the amygdala than the healthy controls.[22]
  • Roberts (1996) found that survivors of childhood sexual abuse are more likely to suffer from: insomnia, gastrointestinal problems, obesity, chronic pain, headache, and somatization.[23]
  • A study by Golding (2000) evaluated the prevalence and correlates of sexual abuse history among women seeking treatment for severe premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Out of 42 women interviewed, 95% reported a history of sexual abuse.[24]

[/ultimate_heading][ultimate_spacer height=”20″ height_on_mob=”10″][/vc_column_inner][vc_column_inner width=”1/2″][ultimate_heading main_heading=”REMISSION” heading_tag=”h4″ main_heading_margin=”margin-bottom:15px;”][/ultimate_heading][ultimate_heading heading_tag=”h4″ alignment=”left” sub_heading_line_height=”desktop:26px;”]

  • Zanarini’s study (2006) found 242 out of 290 people with BPD 88% went into remission (no longer meeting the criteria for BPD).[25]
  • Gunderson’s study (2011) found 148 out of 175 people 85% with BPD remitted.[26]

[/ultimate_heading][ultimate_spacer height=”20″ height_on_mob=”10″][/vc_column_inner][/vc_row_inner][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row centered=”yes”][vc_column][ultimate_spacer height=”60″ height_on_mob=”10″][ultimate_heading main_heading=”REFERENCES” heading_tag=”h4″ main_heading_margin=”margin-bottom:40px;”][/ultimate_heading][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row centered=”yes” padding_right=”20″ padding_left=”20″][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_tta_accordion][vc_tta_section title=”`{`1`}`” tab_id=”1464218591729-ff490b4a-b845″][vc_column_text]Kaehler, L & Freyd, J, “Borderline Personality Characteristics: A Betrayal Trauma Approach”, Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy 2009, Vol. 1, No. 4, 261–268.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`2`}`” tab_id=”1464218592414-37416a20-c5f8″][vc_column_text]Herman, J. Perry, J & Van Der Kolk, B., “Childhood Trauma in Borderline Personality Disorder”, American Journal of Psychiatry. 1989 Apr;146(4):490-5.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`3`}`” tab_id=”1464218593171-0482c1ff-8795″][vc_column_text]Ogata, S, Silk, K, Goodrich, S, Lohr, N, Westen, D & Hill, D., “Childhood sexual and physical abuse in adult patients with Borderline Personality Disorder”, American Journal of Psychiatry, Aug 1990 ;147(8):1008-13.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`4`}`” tab_id=”1464218593886-44d768e9-8bf3″][vc_column_text]McFetridge, M, Milner, R Victoria, G, & Liat, L., “Borderline personality disorder: patterns of self-harm, reported childhood trauma and clinical outcome”, British Journal of Psychiatry Open Jul 2015, 1 (1) 18-20; DOI: 10.1192/bjpo.bp.115.000117.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`5`}`” tab_id=”1464218594611-abfb0829-7604″][vc_column_text]Paris, J. 1997, “Childhood Trauma as an Etiological Factor in the Personality Disorders”, Journal of personality disorders, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 34-49.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`6`}`” tab_id=”1464218595348-ab864fbc-59d1″][vc_column_text]Zanarini, M.C., Williams, A.A., Lewis, R.E., R, B.R. & al, e. 1997, “Reported pathological childhood experiences associated with the development of borderline personality disorder”, The American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 154, no. 8, pp. 1101-6. [/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`7`}`” tab_id=”1464218596052-4fa06049-daca”][vc_column_text]Sack, M, Sachsse, U & Overkamo, B, Dulz, B., “Trauma-related disorders in patients with borderline personality disorders. Results of a multicenter study: Nervenarzt. 2013 May;84(5):608-14. doi: 10.1007/s00115-012-3489-6.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`8`}`” tab_id=”1464218596747-c5ff6d29-6aa9″][vc_column_text]Kingdon DG, Ashcroft K, Bhandari B, Gleeson S, Warikoo N, Symons M, Taylor L, Lucas E, Mahendra R, Ghosh S, Mason A, Badrakalimuthu R, Hepworth C, Read J, Mehta R. “Schizophrenia and borderline personality disorder: similarities and differences in the experience of auditory hallucinations, paranoia, and childhood trauma”, 2010. J Nerv Ment Dis. Jun;198(6):399-403.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`9`}`” tab_id=”1464218597457-07ea6c45-8eee”][vc_column_text]Graybar, S., & Boutilier, L, “Non traumatic pathways to borderline personality disorder” Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 2002, 39, 152–162[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`10`}`” tab_id=”1464218598197-0d4b354b-5892″][vc_column_text]Goodman, M., & Yehuda, R, “The relationship between psychological trauma and borderline personality disorder. Psychiatric Annals”, 2002, 33, 337–345.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`11`}`” tab_id=”1464218598989-6c9cf912-5ce0″][vc_column_text]Battle, C. L., Shea, M. T., Johnson, D. M., Yen, S., Zlotnick, C., Zanarini, M. C., Sanislow, C. A., Skodol, A. E., Gunderson, J. G., Grilo, C. M., McGlashan, T. H., & Morey, L. C. (2004). “Childhood maltreatment associated with adult personality disorders: findings from the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study”. Journal of Personality Disorders, 18(2), 193-211.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`12`}`” tab_id=”1464218599762-9ae1c16b-befc”][vc_column_text]Pagura, J, Murray, B, Stein, B, James, M, Cox, B, Grant, B, Jitender, S, “Comorbidity of borderline personality disorder and posttraumatic stress disorder in the U.S. population” Journal of Psychiatric Research, Volume 44, Issue 16, December 2010, Pages 1190–1198.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`13`}`” tab_id=”1465172497416-7083300c-1502″][vc_column_text]Greyner, B & Lewis, K, “Borderline personality or complex post traumatic stress disorder? An update on the controversy” Harvard Review Psychiatry. 2009;17(5):322-8. doi: 10.3109/10673220903271848.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][/vc_tta_accordion][ultimate_spacer height=”60″ height_on_mob=”10″][/vc_column][vc_column width=”1/2″][vc_tta_accordion][vc_tta_section title=”`{`14`}`” tab_id=”1464219312399-34b1b8b7-5138″][vc_column_text]Zanarini, M.C., Frankenburg, F.R., Hennen, J., D, B.R. & Silk, K.R. 2004, “Axis I Comorbidity in Patients With Borderline Personality Disorder: 6-Year Follow-Up and Prediction of Time to Remission”, The American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 161, no. 11, pp. 2108-14.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`15`}`” tab_id=”1464219284458-f3a6b29a-239d”][vc_column_text]Famularo, R, Kinscherff, R & Fenton, T, “Post traumatic stress disorder among children clinically diagnosed as borderline personality disorder”, Journal of Nervous Mental Disorders,. 1991 Jul;179(7):428-31.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`16`}`” tab_id=”1464219252905-4948eb16-0c34″][vc_column_text]Sack, M, Sachsse, U & Overkamo, B, Dulz, B., “Trauma-related disorders in patients with borderline personality disorders. Results of a multicenter study: Nervenarzt. 2013 May;84(5):608-14. doi: 10.1007/s00115-012-3489-6.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`17`}`” tab_id=”1464219226609-8db96741-be70″][vc_column_text]A/Professor Sathya Rao – Executive Clinical Director at Spectrum, Personality Disorder Service for Victoria, Eastern Health.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`18`}`” tab_id=”1464219198732-f8e786e4-b20e”][vc_column_text]Nock, M.K. & Prinstein, M.J. 2004, “A functional approach to the assessment of self-mutilative behaviour”, Journal of consulting and clinical psychology, vol. 72, no. 5, pp. 885-890.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`19`}`” tab_id=”1465172540952-d157d2e8-59f9″][vc_column_text]Black, D. W., Blum, N., Pfohl, B., & Hale, N. (2004). Suicidal Behaviour In Borerline Personality Disorder: Prevalance, Risk Factors, Prediction and Prevention. Journal of Personality Disorders, 18(3), 226-39.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`20`}`” tab_id=”1465172590440-2c21217e-2cd2″][vc_column_text]Gunderson, JG, Links, P: Borderline Personality Disorder: A Clinical Guide, 2nd ed. Washington, DC, American Psychiatric Press, Inc, 2008.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`21`}`” tab_id=”1464219168967-6ca61e61-e3d3″][vc_column_text]Lubman, D. I., Hall, K., Pennay, A., & Rao, S. (2011). Managing borderline personality disorder and substance use: An integrated approach. Australian Family Physician, 40(6), 376-81.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`22`}`” tab_id=”1464219145252-ac5e219a-43bf”][vc_column_text]Driessen, M., Herrmann, J., Stahl, K., Zwaan, M. & al, e. 2000, “Magnetic resonance imaging volumes of the hippocampus and the amygdala in women with borderline personality disorder and early traumatization”, Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 57, no. 12, pp. 1115-22.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`23`}`” tab_id=”1464219116832-2d092ee2-83f8″][vc_column_text]Roberts, S, “The sequelae of childhood sexual abuse: a primary care focus for adult female survivors”. Nurse Practioner. 1996 Dec;21(12 Pt 1):42, 45, 49-52.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`24`}`” tab_id=”1464219095155-4cc4915c-2849″][vc_column_text]Golding, M, Taylor, D, Menard, L & King, M, “Prevalence of sexual abuse history in a sample of women seeking treatment for premenstrual syndrome”, Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics & Gynaecology, Volume 21, Issue 2, 2000 Article DoiMeta DOI:10.3109/01674820009075612 pages 69-80.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`25`}`” tab_id=”1464219015377-db586ffb-cbeb”][vc_column_text]Zanarini, M.C., Frankenburg, F.R., Hennen, J., D, B.R. & Silk, K.R. 2006, “Prediction of the 10-Year Course of Borderline Personality Disorder”, The American Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 163, no. 5, pp. 827-32.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][vc_tta_section title=”`{`26`}`” tab_id=”1464218956758-b144c423-b9f5″][vc_column_text]Gunderson, J.G., M.D., Stout, R.L., PhD., McGlashan, T.H., M.D., Shea, M.T., Morey, L.C., PhD., Grilo, C.M., PhD., Zanarini, M.C., EdD., Yen, S., PhD., Markowitz, J.C., M.D., Sanislow, C., PhD., Ansell, E., PhD., Pinto, A., PhD. & Skodol, A.E., M.D. 2011, “Ten-Year Course of Borderline Personality Disorder: Psychopathology and Function From the Collaborative Longitudinal Personality Disorders Study”, Archives of General Psychiatry, vol. 68, no. 8, pp. 827.[/vc_column_text][/vc_tta_section][/vc_tta_accordion][ultimate_spacer height=”60″ height_on_mob=”10″][/vc_column][/vc_row]

NEWSLETTER SIGN-UP

Subscribe to our mailing list.